Northern Russian Dialects'13

Версия на русском языке

Northern Russian Dialects


Full text of the edition: Nothern Russian Dialects' 13. Saint Petersburg, SPBU, 2014. 347 p.

The composition and the principles of the construction of the ethnic and cultural dictionary of Russian dialects of Karelia (p. 3 - 16)
Mikhailova L., Rutt T.

Key words: dialect lexicography, ethnic culture, language sources.

In the article by L. Mikhailova, T. Rutt the authors try to show that the existing ethnographic descriptions of the local culture of the Beloe sea region, the region of Zaonezhye, the region of Vodlozero and the other territories allows to identify the essential features that characterize the way of life, perception of the world, the spiritual world, the moral precepts of the inhabitants of Karelia as a special multi-ethnic region, and to present its reflection in a special dictionary which simultaneously could serve as an addition to the famous «Dictionary of Russian dialects of Karelia». As the sources of the dictionary that is composed it is assumed to use the works by the ethnologists, onomatologists, historians, folklorists, musicologists, researchers of the culture of peoples of Karelia, archival materials, containing information of an ethnic character. The question about the selection of the vocabulary into the dictionary, about the submission of the material on the thematic groups is put, and the samples of the dictionary entries are provided.

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Precedent texts in an exemplary zone of regional dictionary (on the material of the polysistemic Dictionary of Kuban dialects) (p. 17 - 40)
Borisova O.

Key words: illustrative zone of the dialect dictionary, dialect precedent text, ethnocultural background of the vocabulary entry, creative linguistic personality.

The role of dialect precedent texts in practical lexicography, their genre and thematic diversity and inclusiveness is discussed in the article on the material of the regional polysistemic dictionary of Kuban dialects which is currently being.

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Processes degrammaticalization and grammaticalization category of a genus of nouns in the Vologda dialects (p. 41 - 57)
Yatskevich L.

Key words: vologda dialects, a category of a genus, processes degrammaticalization and grammaticalization, feeble formative, secondary suffixation.

In paper the most divergent grammatical category - a genus of nouns in the Vologda dialects is considered. Two opposite trends are determined: 1) processes degrammaticalization category of a genus of nouns, namely loss of the obligatority their designs on the particular genus, widely spread variance of a genus; 2) processes of secondary grammaticalization category of a genus of nouns, amplification of their morphological labeling on a genus. Both processes interdependent among themselves: degrammaticalization of genus leads to its secondary grammaticalization in the dialect language.

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On degree of traditional folk good-wishing formulas preservation (p. 58 - 70)
Zorina L.

Key words: vologda dialects, category of politeness, traditional good-wishing formulas.

The article describes the unique good-wishing formulas, which have been fixed in Vologda dialects, characterizes their semantics, gives the examples of some structural types of good-wishing phrases and appraises the degrees of those formulas presentation in the mentality of dialects bearers on the eve of XX and XXI centuries.

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On genetic link of the northern Russian dialects and Russian dialects of the Kama region (based on the dialectal landscape lexics) (p. 71 - 86)
Gaidamaško R.1 (Institute for Linguistic Studies)

Key words: linguistic geography, northern russian dialects, russian dialects of the kama region, dialectal landscape lexics.

Current article describes the dialectal landscape lexics of the Kama region, corroborating the genetic link of the northern Russian dialects and Russian dialects of the Kama region. Toponyms of the Kama region originating from the northern Russian antroponymy and demonymy are given after the introductory remarks, that cover the history of formation of the Russian dialects of the Kama region in the aspect of linguistic interaction. The major part of the article is devoted to the northern Russian dialectal landscape lexics in the Russian dialects of the Kama region and to the differentiation of the central areas of such lexics.

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Multiple layers of lexicon of a Finno-Ugric origin in pinega dialects (p. 87 - 95)
Myznikov S. (Institute for Linguistic Studies)

Key words: komi, sami, baltic-finnish, finno-ugric, russian dialects.

This work represents continuation by the author of etymological development of lexicon of the North Russian dialects of a Finno-Ugric origin. In the present article some lexemes of the Zyrian, Baltic-Finnish and the Lappish origin in pinega dialects are investigated.

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The Vocabulary of Pskov Dialects in Historical Perspective : Dynamics and Stability (Based on the «Pskov Regional Vocabulary with Historical Data» (p.96 - 107)
Puritskaya E. (Institute for Linguistic Studies)

Key words: lexicology, dialectology, dialect lexicography, pskov regional vocabulary with historical data.

The article analyzes two lexical systems: the lexical system of modern Pskov dialects and the lexical system of written documents of the XIV-XVIII centuries, presented in the "Pskov regional vocabulary with historical data". The author describes their functioning and makes observations on the dynamic processes in Pskov dialects.

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The functioning of the suffix -.en’ in the Smolensk dialects (p. 108 - 117)
Lunkova E.

Key words: smolensk dialects, suffix -en', derivational niche.

The article is devoted to the functioning of the suffix -n’ in the Smolensk dialects in a frame of a derivational niche. This derivational niche is understood as a combining unit of four derivational types and shows a peculiarity of the dialect word-formation.

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Lexicalixation of the transition [ó] > [á] in Russian dialects (p. 118 - 136)
Mikhailova L.

Key words: phonetics, dialectal vocabulary, the area of the phenomena, language contacts.

The article presents a large group of Russian vocabulary, has experienced the transformation of the vocal ´´The o in the position under stress, the transition into a. areas of the existence of the lexical units with the unusual phonemic serie are identified. At the initial stage they were the phonetic variations of well-known or dialectal words. The formal relations of the described words with the initial lexemes are established, as well as the nature of the semantic relations between them. An attempt to detect the reasons of the described phenomenon widespread in different dialects is made.

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Dialect Perfect Designs in One Onega Dialect and Idiostyle (p. 137 - 148)
Markova N.

Key words: quasipossessive perfect, quasipossessive construction, syntactic synonyms, specific dialect system, idiolect, idiostyle.

In the article devoted to different perfect forms of short past active and passive participles in one dialect, it is claimed that competing forms on - no/-to,- nos/-tos and on - shi are synonyms. The quantitative ratio of two forms of a perfect in a separate idiolect and style of the writer writing on a dialect is established. Replacement of verbal adverb forms by forms of passive participles is noted.

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The specificity of functioning of prepositional constructions in the North Russian dialects and the dialects of the Middle Volga (p. 149 - 157)
Myznikova Y. (Saint Petersburg State University)

Key words: north russian syntax, adverbial syntagmas, prepositions.

The article deals with the specificity of the use of prepositions in the North Russian dialects. Missing prepositions in the adverbial syntagmas occur not only in the North Russian dialects. They also can be find in another language contact region in the dialects of the Middle Volga.

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The names of bread products in nortgreat-Russian and southgreat-Russian wedding rites (on the example of the Permian and Kaluga dialects) (p.158 - 164)
Mironovich M. (Institute for Linguistic Studies)

Key words: lexicon, wedding rite, bread, motivation, perm, kaluga.

In this article are considered the names of bread products in nortgreat-Russian (on the example of the Permian dialects) and southgreat-Russian (for example, Kaluga dialects) wedding rites. Identified territorial accessories of lexemes: the prevalence in both dialects (such lexemes are usually indicate required bread products, peculiar to Great-Russian dialects in general) or only one of them (denote optional bread in the wedding ritual). Analyzed motivation of the these lexemes.

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Terms of kinships and the language picture of the world: the links of a family and somatic registers (on materials by Arkhangelsk dialects) (p. 165 - 177)
Kachinskaya I.

Key words: northern dialects, arkhangelsk dialects, kinship terms, somatic, russian dialectology, dialects lexicology.

The Terms of kinship belong to the group of connotation vocabulary, which is characterized by a regular metaphorical transfer in a variety of areas, including in the area of parts of the body. In the article on the material by Arkhangelsk region is seen as «the family» terminology associated with parts of the body.

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Some Materials on the History of Regional Ties among the Slavs (p. 178 - 181)
Gerd A. (Saint Petersburg State University, Institute for Linguistic Studies)

Key words: dialectism, local node, comparison scale, semantics.

The article deals with specific examples of lexical matches in form and meaning between the northern Russian Ladoga-Tikhvin dialects and Don dialects of the Volgograd region.

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Russian microtoponymy of the Karelian Pomorje according to the written and field data (p. 182 - 198)
Priobrazhensky A.

Key words: microtoponymy, appellative, russian dialects.

The article analyzes the Russian microtoponymy of the Karelian Pomorje in areal and historical aspects. Microtoponymy this territory reflected all of the major economic activities of local inhabitants, which existed in the past (slash-and-burn agriculture, salt production) and extant (fishing).Terms of slash-and-burn agriculture in the dialects of Karelian Pomorje changed their semantics, and came to mean haymaking, not arable land. The peculiarity of the Pomorje dialects, reflected in microtoponyms, is the combination of the phenomena of various dialects which testify to intensive contacts between them in the past.Most of the words, used in the Russianmicro toponyms of the Karelian Pomorje, are connected with the territory of the Novgorod and Pskov dialects. The smallest group of words is a consequence of the Rostov-Suzdal influence (pechische, verkhotina, repnik).

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Determinants of composite phytonyms in finno-permic languages (p. 199 - 222)
Brodsky I.

Key words: finno-ugric languages, phytonym, plant's names, determinant.

In this paper, the author examines the determinants of nomination object classes in composite phytonyms (plant’s names) of Finno-Permic languages. Determinants are divided into two groups: people taxa of flora, such as tree, grass, moss, and the names of the parts of plants, such as leaf, flower, or root. In its origin determinants of the Finno-Permic phytonyms are divided into ancient original (most of them), and borrowed in modern languages and ancient protolanguages.

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About components of dialect idioms (on the phraseological data of the Lower Pechora and other Russian northern dialects) (p. 223 - 228)
Kobeleva I.

Key words: russian northern dialects, lexicography, phraseology.

This article deals with the components of Russian dialect idioms in consideration of ethnic and cultural specific and its lexicographical representation in the modern dialect phraseological dictionaries.

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What are busenki and kuleshata? (p. 229 - 241)
Rusinova I.

Key words: mythological texts of perm region, demonological vocabulary, evil spirits, wizard's assistants, nouns busenki, kuleshata.

Two names of evil spirits - wizard''s assistants recorded in the mythological texts of Perm region - are analyzed in this paper. Some motivational, semantic and etymological connections of these words with the other lexical units operating in the Russian North dialects and adjacent territories are considered.

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Semantic groups of impersonal predicative words in Pskov dialects (p. 242 - 248)
Bashmakova A. (Saint Petersburg State University)

Key words: dialectology, semantic groups, impersonal predicative words.

The article offers a selection of semantic groups of impersonal predicative words existing in Pskov dialects, and discusses the features of such groups in comparison with the literary language. The article uses material of the Pskov regional dictionary with historical data.

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Major trends and parameters of the regional types of language (p. 249 - 264)
Gerd A. (Saint Petersburg State University, Institute for Linguistic Studies)

Key words: regional types of language, dialectology, ethnolinguistics.

Purpose of the article is the identification of factors, that modern regional language types allow to describe. Such factors are the most ancient ethno-linguistic border areas, as well as a complex linguistic history of the regional centers in a variety of their linguistic states.

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About an unknown manuscript of Novgorod beginning of XVI century (Dictionary of the Gennady Bible) (p. 265 - 336)
Levichkin A.N. (Institute for Linguistic Studies)

Key words: historical lexicography, historical lexicology, azbukovnik, gennady bible.

The article presents an overview of unknown monument of Old russian lexicography, created on the basis of Gennady Bible translation project of the whole biblical books, implemented in Novgorod in the late XV century.

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