Northern Russian Dialects'14

Версия на русском языке

Northern Russian Dialects


Full text of the edition: Nothern Russian Dialects' 14. Saint Petersburg, SPBU, 2015. 318 p.


Linguistics and Ethnography (p. 5 - 13)
Gerd A.

Key words: ethnography, dialectology, meta-language, modeling

In the article discusses the history, formation and interaction of modern dialectology and ethnography in Russia, especially the meta-language of ethnography and dialectology.

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Traces of Ancient Russian-Norman Language Contacts (p. 14 - 20)
Lutovinova I.

Key words: culinary product, northern russian dialects, normans, a. Shakhmatov, etymology, the interior form of the word

The author describes the Norwegian word lefsa and Russian word levashi which means culinary products that are similar in form and preparation. The historical background of possible Russian-Norman language contacts is discussed in the article.

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Northern Russian Lexicon in the East Slavic Context (p. 21 - 36)
Myznikov S.

Key words: etymology, ukrainian, belarusian, baltic-finnish languages, northern russian dialects

The paper attempts to etymological analysis of the North Russian language, which was interpreted earlier as Baltic-Finnish origin. Particular emphasis is placed on the wide coverage of the material, including the data of East Slavic languages. It noted the importance of integrating the various areas of foreign language exposure. We consider the probability of various etymologies given existence in dialect continuum, and nation-wide vocabulary.

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Data for Etymology of Meteorological Lexics in Russian Dialects of the Kama Region: pahta, and romoda (p. 37 - 45)
Gaidamaško R.

Key words: russian dialects of the kama region, meteorological lexics, pahta, romoda

There are some data for etymology of Russian dialectal words of the Kama regiongiveninthearticle: pahta ‘new-fallenfinecrumblysnowonwhichitis difficult to walk, ride', ‘soft sticky snow', and romoda ‘snowstorm'.

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Vocabulary of Russian Dialects in Estonia and Russian North-West Dialects: The 50th Anniversary of the “Materials for the Vocabulary of Russian Dialects in Baltic Countries” (p. 46 - 58)
Puritskaya E.

Key words: russian dialectology, lexicology, dialect lexicography, russian dialects, old believers, estonia

The “Materials for the Vocabulary of Russian dialects in Baltic Countries” (1963) is a unique source of dialect data recorded in 1950s-1960s on the territory of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. Since that period new dialect dictionaries havebeenpublishedandnewstudiesofthelanguageandculture of the Old Believers in Estonia have emerged. It allows us to analyze the vocabulary of Russian dialects in Estonia in the context of the dialects of the Russian North-Westand,evenwider, inthecontextofRussiandialectsin general. The article analyzes the lexical system of Russian dialects in Estonia, as well as differences in the functioning of dialect words in the speech of the Old Believers in Estonia and in the speech of peasant population in Russia.

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The Dialects of the Middle Volga as the Marginal Area of the Northern Russian Continuum (p. 59 - 71)
Myznikova Y.

Key words: north russian dialects, phonetic features, dialect vocabulary, loanwords, grammatical peculiarities

This article provides an overview of the Russian dialects of Ulyanovskiy region.The features of this group of dialects are formed under certain ethnocultural and geographical conditions. The study reveals the North Russian basis of Ulyanovskiy region dialects and the features of the South Russian influence. The traces of inter-ethnic interaction also can be found in the dialects of the Middle Volga in this language contact region.

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Finno-Ugric Plants’ Names Containing Ethnonyms (p. 72 - 88)
Brodsky I.

Key words: finno-ugric languages, lexics, phytonyms, phytonymy, ethnonyms

A number of plants’ names in the Finno-Ugric languages are motivated whit ethnonyms or contain ethnonym as a component of composite phytonym. Most of these names are known in the Finnish and Estonian languages, and also in the Udmurt language.In this article we examine about 150 phytonyms. Ethnonym which motivates the name of the plant, usually indicates it’s origin (real or imaginary). In some cases plants’ names containing ethnonyms appear to be calques of scientific names, which penetrated into the dialects.

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Veps Heritage in the Toponymy of the South-eastern Lake Onega Area in Сorrelation with Archaeological and Historical Sources (p. 89 - 111)
Sobolev A.

Key words: russian language, veps language, toponymy, karelia, vologda region, language contacts, ethnic history, placenames, lake onega region

The article focuses on toponyms of Veps origin on the territory of South-eastern Lake Onega region. The linguistic, archaeological and historical evidence made by the author indicate that the Veps language was brought to the territory of the South-eastern Lake Onega region from the South-western Lake Ladoga region by bearers of the Ladoga burial mound culture in 10-13th century and was maintained during the migrations of Veps population from Olonets Isthmus (16th century), and also from adjoining territories of Southwestern Lake Ladoga region and Northern Lake Beloye region, that lasted till the beginning of 20th century. In addition, the quantity of Veps population remained very high for a long time. The process of language shift (from Veps to Russian) and ethnic identity in different settlements was not simultaneous, extended for a long period of time and ended, presumably, in 18-19th centuries.

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Vocabulary of Toponyms and Micro-toponyms of Ingermanland (с. 112 - 119)
Nikolayev I., Gerd A.

Key words: leningrad region, toponymic database, toponymic vocabulary, toponyms, micro-toponyms, ingermanland

The authors of the article discuss the importance of the vocabulary of toponyms and micro-toponyms of Ingermanland. The sources for the vocabulary - card-file, toponymic database and research and educational web-resource - are considered. General principles of the vocabulary compilation and the structure of its entry are outlined. Finally, samples of the vocabulary entries are given.

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The Voice Derivational Category in Vologda Dialects (с. 120 - 140)
Yatskevich L.

Key words: vologda dialects, derivational category of the voice, subject of the action, the object of action, actant derivation, semantic models of transformation

Functioning of the Voice word-formative category in Vologda dialects is analyzed, semantic models of actant derivation of verbs, verbal nouns and adjectives in word-formation system of these dialects are revealed. Active transformation of subject-object relationship of initial dialect verbs are due to mobility of their lexical meanings, their dependence on the context of their using in speech. These processes are generally characteristic of transitive verbs of physical impact and they indicate preservation of the archaic functional-semantic features of the verb vocabulary, which are related to their semantic syncretism, in modern Vologda dialects.

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The Northern Russian Vocabulary of Tver Dialects: Towards Types of Derivaitional Values (с. 141 - 149)
Novikova L.

Key words: tver dialects, derivational features, types of values, dialect division of russian language

The article analyzes the vocabulary of the Tver region, in terms of derivational features thatcanbe objected to additional phonetic phenomena, morphological and lexical features in the Northern Russian dialects.

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Prefix na-and Suffix -nik in the Smolensk Dialects (с. 150 - 166)
Lunkova E.

Key words: smolensk dialect, dialect word-formation, complex morpheme unit

Сomplex morphemes may be used for the definition of some special features of a dialect word-formation. Motivated words with prefix na-and suffix -nik in the Smolensk dialect are compared with the similar groups of words in standard Russian and dialect Russian for this purpose.

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Phraseosemantic System of Rezhа Dialect and All-Russian Phraseology (с. 167 - 185)
Andreeva E.

Key words: vologda dialects, dialect of rega, phraseology

There are idioms in Rega dialect described in the article. The analys is of dialect phraseology in comparison to idioms of Russian literary language allows to show the essential features, that characterize the moral precepts, perception of the world, the way of life of the inhabitants of northern village.

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Reflection of World Perception of Rezha Residents in the Materials of their Nicknames (с. 186 - 201)
Komleva N.

Key words: nickname, popular picture of the world, dialect society

The article analyzes the nicknames of inhabitants of the Rezhsky rural settlement of the Vologda region’s Syamzhensky District in the structural-semantic and ethnolinguistic aspects. Different strategies of nickname nomination set their value register in the system of socially significant parameters of identity establishment: individual nicknames allocate one specific person among the villagers and characterize him according to some features of appearance or behavior which are noticeable to everyone; relative nicknames characterize a person in the micro group of a family; collective nicknames of inhabitants of whole villages create a collective image of one rural area’s residents which oppose the inhabitants of other areas on the various basis.

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Semantic and Ethnocultrual Potential Capacity of the Historic Word Family with the Root *-pek-in the Vologda Dialects (с. 202 - 209)
Ivanova E.

Key words: vologda dialects, historical word family, lexical-semantic area

The article defines the structure of the historic word family with the root *-pek- in Vologda dialects. The lexical-semantic areas which form the words with a common etymological root are described, lingvocultural information is exposed, the main source of which is the inner form of the derivatives of words with the root *-pek-. The source of the material of the study is words from the “Dictionary of Vologda dialects”.

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Projections of Human Religious Consciousness in Language: Plants’ and Animals’ Names (с. 210 - 217)
Solomatina M.

Key words: folk orthodox religion, russian dialectology, the dialects of arkhangelsk region, phytonyms, zoonyms

The article is dedicated to projections of human religious consciousnes in language. The research is based on the exploration of local Names of plants and animals. The author describes the names of some plants, insects, fishes and some forms of address to the cattle. The materials of the research are the following: the published volumes of the Dictionary Of Arkhangelsk Region, its paper and electronic catalogs and the author’s own records.

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Husband’s Mother and Wife’s Mother: Kinship Terms for Spouse Parents in the Arkhangelsk Region Dialects (с. 218 - 233)
Kachinska I.

Key words: dialects, lexicology, kinship terms, affinal kin, consanguinal kin, spouse parentsarkhangelsk region, russia

The article discusses the kinship terms in the Arkhangelsk Region dialects on the example of the terms for Spouse Parents (Husband’s Mother, Husband’s Father, Wife’s Mother, Wife’s Father). The author provides the inventory of terms, refers to their possibility / impossibility in vocative usage, considers analytical forms and phrases denoting the spouse parents, shows the regular use of the consanguinal kin terms for the nomination and appeal to the in-laws, the possibility of semantic transfer, and idiomatic usage of the terms.

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Lexical-semantic Timelines of Lately Originated Dialects in Genetic Coordinates (с. 234 - 249)
Borisova O.

Key words: lately originated dialect, kuban dialect, genic position, coordinate,  local lexical-semantic identity

In current article based on research of kuban dialect the timeliness of lexical-semantic study of lately originated dialects in genetic coordinates is disclosed. Suggested research direction gives important information about secondary originated dialects affinity to mothertongue and discover their localidentity

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The Concepts of Health and Disease in the Speech of Inhabitants of the Vologda Region (с. 250 - 266)
Ilyina E.

Key words: dialectology, vologda dialects, language picture of the world

The article deals with the studying of Vologda inhabitants’ language picture of the world, in particular, some peculiarities of verbalization of their perceptions of health and disease. The material for the research includes ethnographic and lexicographical works of the beginning of the XXth century (M.K. Gerasimov, P.A. Dilaktorsky, etc.), published volumes and a card index of the Vologda dialects Dictionary, containing speech recordings from the 60-ies of the XXth century, answers to questions on the Folk Medicine programme of Lexical atlas of Russian folk dialects, which were made in the late XXth - early XXIst century, as well as data from interviews of patients in rural health facilities during recent years. As a result, conclusions about the dynamics of perceptions about a healthy and a sick man were made; sustainable indicators of health as one of the basic values in the northern Russian peasant’s picture of the world were identified; differences in verbalization of ideas about a disease: about the list of diseases, their causes, means and methods of treatment were revealed.

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Characterization of the Pragmatic Level of Language Personality Nina Dmitrievna Shilovsky (с. 267 - 280)
Zubova N.

Key words: linguistic personality, pragmatic level of linguistic identity, motive, communicative personality

The article is devoted to research of the language identity of the resident of Nikolsk of the Vologda region. Object of the analysis is the pragmatical level of the language personality. At the pragmatical level of the language personality the characteristic of the motives and the purposes moving development of the language personality, her behavior, creation of her texts and actually formation by hierarchy of meanings and outlooks in generalisimportant.The main motives of Nina Dmitriyevna are: individual motivation (maintenance of a homeostasis: hunger, thirst, avoiding of pain, support of an optimum level of sugar in blood and arterial pressure) and group (care of the family). A driving force of Nina Dmitriyevna capable to give hope for bright future is Orthodoxy and belief in god. The texts which are written down during communication with the woman are provided as confirmation of the drawn conclusions. Nina Dmitriyevna owns an individual stock of verbal and nonverbal means for updating of information, expressional and pragmatical functions of communication; is able to vary communicative means in the course of communication in connection with change of situational conditions of communication; builds statements according to norms of the chosen communicative code and rules of «speech etiquette». At the pragmatical level Nina Dmitriyevna realizes herself as the mother and the grandmother showing care of the family, seeking to respect the moral ethical standards which developed in society including usual norms of speech behavior.

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Unknown Dialect Data as a Complement to the Known Dictionaries of the Lower Pechora Dialects (с. 281 - 286)
Kobeleva I.

Key words: northern russian dialects, lexicography, phraseography, phraseology

This article deals with the records of northern Russian dialect, which were done by two villagers with the purpose to keep specific Ust-Cilma cultural tradition: idioms are investigating concerning its lexicographical representation in the modern dialect dictionaries.

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Student Dialectological Expeditions’ Diaries: Peculiarities of Genre and Typology of Texts (с. 287 - 311)
Zorina L.

Key words: expedition diaries, peculiarities of the genre, typology of texts

Dialectological student practice and expeditions at the Pedagogical Institute of the Vologda State University have being carried out for decades. The article describes a whole number of such expeditions diaries, especially considering the diary genre and developing a typology of texts. Expedition diaries are a valuable material for the regional dialectology and illustrate how the students apply methods the methods of popularization of knowledge about the dissappearing Russian national dialects.

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